What is Land Pollution.?
`Land pollution is the degradation of earth’s land surfaces often caused by human activities and its misuse.’
Haphazard disposal of urban and industrial wastes, exploitation of minerals, and improper use of soil by inadequate agricultural practices are a few of the contributing factors. Also, increasing urbanization, industrialization, and other demands on the environment and its resources is of great consequence to many countries.
What are its effects.
Industrial revolution: The Industrial Revolution set in motion a series of events which impinged on the countryside destroying many natural habitats, and introduced pollution causing disease in both human and animal alike.
Mining: In some areas, more metal ores had to be extracted out of the ground, melted and cast using coal out of the ground and cooled using water, which raised the temperature of water in rivers. (This reduces the oxygen carrying capacity of the water and affects all the living things there.) The excavation of metal ores, sand and limestone led to large scale quarrying and defacing of the countryside. As the demand for labor grew, the areas round the factories and mines were given over to housing. This took up former agricultural land, caused sewage and waste problems, increased the demands for food and put pressure on farmers to produce more food.
Demand :The demand for more housing meant the need to use more raw materials to make bricks, slates for roofing and timber for joists, etc. Once again this led to quarrying and to the destruction of forests. The houses also needed running water and a supply of energy. Initially this water would have been supplied directly from a stream but as demand increased the need for Reservoirs increased. This again led to the loss of land as valleys were flooded to meet the demands. The main fuels used would have been coal and wood but as time progressed, hydro electric, coal, oil and nuclear power stations were built which again became features or eyesores on the landscape.. Until the late 1970s, little attempt was made to hide these metal structures but now more care is taken in their sitting and underground cables are often used—although these are not popular with repair crews who have to find faults and service them, often in very remote areas.
SOLUTIONS FOR LAND POLLUTION
- Make people aware about the concept of Reduce, Recycle and Reuse.
- Reduce the use of pesticides and fertilizers in agricultural activities.
- Avoid buying packages items as they will lead to garbage and end up in landfill site.
- Ensure that you do not litter on the ground and do proper disposal of garbage.
- Buy biodegradable products.
- Do Organic gardening and eat organic food that will be grown without the use of pesticides.
- Create dumping ground away from residential areas.
Several creatures survive under the land too. Disrupting the harmony of the land is disrupting their habitat. This has led to several creatures reaching the endangered status .We walk and survive on land. It is literally the base of our ecosystem. It is in our good interest to take care of it and nurture it.