What is nuclear pollution?
`Nuclear pollution is caused due to the addition, through activities of man, of ionizationing radiation to the environmental giving people an exposure to more of such radiations that they normally would experience. We are bombarded with man made radiation from X-Ray, effuluent from nuclear power plants, radioactive materials fallout from nuclear explosions, radioactive materials in research laboratories, industrial plants and hospitals wastes from reprocessing of nuclear fuels, mining and processing of radioactive products.’
Biological effects. Nuclear energy differs from other radiation is several ways. One of the most important is that some of the radioactive elements continue to emit for longer periods of time. The effect of radiation on cells can be classified into two types- somatic and genetic. Somatic types affect only the body cell whereas the genetic affects reproductive organs. The imoortant difference is that the damage can be passed on to generations. Ultra violet light is electromagnetic radiation just beyond the shortest wave length of violet light to which the eye is seen sensitive. Ultraviolet is produced in abundance by the Sun. Ultra violet rays penetrate the human skin only superficially probably to a small depth of one mm which by itself is small enough to cause human injury. The interaction of ionizing radiations with the human body arising from external sources outside the body or from internal contamination of the body by radioactive substances, give rise to biological effects which later show up as clinical symptoms.