Scientific Name : Terpsiphone paradise
Tamil Name : Vethi Vaal Kuruvi
Description: The Asian paradise flycatcher (Terpsiphone paradisi) is a medium-sized passerine bird native to Asia. Adult male with black crested head and two long narrow ribbons like features in tail are used in identification. Young male and female are chestnut above and grayish white below. Their heads are glossy black with a black crown and crest, their black bill round and sturdy, their eyes black. Female are rufous on the back with a grayish throat and under parts.
Distribution and status: According to Linnaeus first description, Asian paradise flycatchers were only distributed in India. Later ornithologists observed this spectacular bird in other Asian countries, and based on differences in plumage of males described several subspecies, of which the following 14 are recognized today
Habitat: Asian paradise flycatchers inhabit thick forests and well-wooded habitat They are migratory and spend the winter season in tropical Asia. There are resident populations in southern India and Sri Lanka, hence both visiting migrants and the locally breeding subspecies occur in these areas in winter
Habits:. Occurs singly or in pairs in wooded country. It is distributed practically throughout the sub continent. It frequents shady groves and gardens adjoining human habitation and light deciduous jungle with bamboo brakes.
Food: Flies and other small insects. . It is a spectacular sight to watch a male with its long tail fly and catch insects.
Life cycle: Nesting season is from February to July. Nest is a completely woven cup of fine grasses and fibers plastered outside with cobwebs built in the elbow of a twig two or three meter above. 3-5 eggs pale creamy pink with reddish brown are laid. Both sexes share parental duties.
Role of the environment: A beautiful resident of the Indian jungles it is recognized by the long tail.
Photo source: WWW.Lifescape.org.in