Scientific Name : Acridotheres tristis
Tamil Name : Myna
Description: The common myna is readily identified by the brown body, black hooded head and the bare yellow patch behind the eye. The bill and legs are bright yellow. There is a white patch on the outer primaries and the wing lining on the underside is white. The sexes are similar and birds are usually seen in pairs.
Distribution and status: It is a species of bird native to Asia with its initial home range spanning from Iran, Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka; as well as Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Myanmar, to Malaysia, Singapore, peninsular Thailand, Indo-China and China
Habitat: This abundant bird is typically found in open woodland, cultivation and around habitation. A confirmed associate of man travelling wherever he may go.
Habits: Common mynas roost communally throughout the year, either in pure or mixed flocks with jungle mynas, rosy starlings, house crows, jungle crows, cattle egrets and rose-ringed parakeets and other birds. The roost population can range from less than one hundred to thousands. The time of arrival of mynas at the roost starts before and ends just after sunset. The mynas depart before sunrise. The time and time span of arrival and departure, time taken for final settlement at the roost, duration of communal sleep, flock size and population vary seasonally
Life cycle: Common mynas are believed to pair for life. They breed through much of the year depending on the location, building their nest in a hole in a tree or wall. They breed from sea-level to 3000 m in the Himalayas. The normal clutch size is 4–6 eggs. The incubation period is 17 to 18 days and fledging period is 22 to 24 days.. Nesting material used by mynas includes twigs, roots, tow and rubbish. Mynas have been known to use tissue paper, tin foil and sloughed off snake-skin.
Role in the environment : It is a common bird associated with man that keeps the environment clean.
Photo source: http//.en.wikipedia.org