Scientific Name :Passer domesticus
Family : Passeridae
Tamil Name : Chittu Kuruvi
Description: Males have a grey crown and a black coloring in neck, and upper back. White shoulder patches are present under each wing. Tail is dark brown. Females are grey brown above streaked blackish and rufous parts on top.
Distribution and status: It is distributed worldwide including the Indian subcontinent.
Habitat: A common terrestrial bird often seen hoping around feeding on rice that had fallen down. It is associated with human habitations.
Habits: This was a familiar bird in the cities whose population has come down recently due to human food habits. This bird is commonly seen near human habitations. Keeps in pairs or in noisy flocks.
Food: Omnivores feeding on grains, insects, fruit buds, flower nectar and kitchen waste of households. Sometimes assemble in huge flocks and dose damage to cultivation and market gardens. Non breeding birds have community roots in leafy trees where they become noisy very evening
Life cycle:. It has been known to nests throughout the year in the subcontinent which seasonal variations across seasons. The nest is a collection of straw, rubbish and feathers in a hole in the ceiling of houses or wall or under a lamp shade. Eggs 3-5 are greenish white with brown patches.
Role in the environment: Due to changing food practices such as disappearance of granaries which are store houses of rice, this bird is getting endangered. Lots of efforts are being made to revive populations by placing man made nest hole which could be used for nesting.
Photo source : Dr. J. Patrick David