Scientific Name :Saxicoloides fulicata
Family : Muscicapidae
Tamil Name : Vannathi kuruvi
Description: This is a bluish black bird with red under parts under the tail. Female are brown without the red patch under the tail.
Distribution and status: Found in open wooded country throughout the Indian union.
Habitat: Frequently found in open scrub country around villages and towns.
Habits: Sometimes perches on top of village huts and enters houses to catch insects in the verandah. It hops around the ground with its red under parts feathers searching for insects.
Food: Insects and their eggs, spiders etc.
Life cycle:: Nesting season is from April to June . Nest consists of pad of grass, rootlets and rubbish lined with feathers and sometimes lined with shed skin of a snake for adornment. Eggs are placed under a stone, or in a hole in earth bank or tree trunk. Eggs 2or 3 are creamy white sometimes brown greenish speckled with brown. Female alone incubates.
Role in the environment: This is certainly one of the beautiful birds in the subcontinent. Nests are sometimes located near habitation and are a bird found in vegetated areas like parks in cities.
Photo Source :Dr. J. Patrick David