Scientific Name: Psittacula krameri
Family : Psittaculidae
Tamil Name : Pachchai Kili
Description : It is green in colour with a long tail. Females lack the rose and pink colour on the neck.
Distribution and status: It is a gregarious tropical Afro-Asian parakeet species that has an extremely large range. It is found in the entire subcontinent including Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, and Myanmar. Since the population appears to be increasing, the species was evaluated as being of least concern by the IUCN in 2012, but its popularity as a pet and unpopularity with farmers have both reduced its numbers in some parts of its native range
Habitat : One of the common of the Indian birds as much at home on the countryside as within villages and towns. One of the few parrot species that have successfully adapted to living in “disturbed habitats”, it has withstood the onslaught of urbanisation and deforestation. As a popular pet species, escaped birds have colonized a number of cities around the world
Habits.. Noisy flocks are seen under cultivation in lightly wooded areas. The flight of this bird is fast and direct.
Food: Often assemble in large flocks and are highly destructive to crops and orchards gnawing and wasting what it eats. In the wild they usually feed on buds, fruits, vegetables, nuts, berries and seeds.
Reproduction: Nesting season is between February to April. Nest is a natural hollow tree trunk or one made by the bird itself. Holes in walls of buildings whether ruined or in occupation often within noisy towns are used for nesting.. Eggs are pure white. Both males and females share domestic duties.
Role in the environment: It is a popular cage animal due to which chicks are collected from nest holes by traders for sale in the illegal pet trade.
Photo source: Dr. J. Patrick