Scientific Name: Gmelina asiatica
Tamil Name: Mulkumizh, Nilakumizh
Description: A large straggling or scrambling deciduous bush or shrub, rather hardy, to about 3 m tall, or rarely a tree up to 8 m tall, sometimes prostrate, usually spiny, sometimes unarmed, much-branched, very variable in size and habit; bark yellowish- or brownish-white, thin, smooth; wood hard, grey; branchlets horizontal, rigid, often compressed. Leaves are small. Leaf-blades varying from oval or ovate to elliptic, obovate, subrhomboid, or triangular in outline, very variable. Flowers are yellow or bright sulphur-yellow, 4-5 cm long, curved bell-shaped. Gmelina species flowers are complete, bisexual, i.e., with functional male (androecium) and female (gynoecium), including stamens, carpels and ovary. Pollination is entomophilous i.e., by insects. Flowering/Fruiting: Almost throughout the year.
Habitat and Distribution: They are distributed in the Plains, Dry Scrub to Dry Deciduous Forests up to 1000m . Also recorded in Sri Lanka and Bangladesh.
Note: It was named by Carl Linnaeus in honour of Botanist Johann George Gmelin.
Photo source: Dr. J. Subramanean