Scientific Name: Borassus flabellifer
Tamil Name: Panai
Description: This tree is 20 m tall with a stout bole. Leaflets arranged like the fin of a fish. Fruits are present on a long stalk. They hang down from leaves like tentacles, blackish when ripe.
Habitat and distribution: Native to forests of south and Southeast Asia.
Note: The palmyra tree is the state tree of Tamil Nadu. Highly respected in Tamil culture, it is called “karpha Veruksham” (“celestial tree”) because all its parts have a use. The Panai leaves are used for thatching, mats, baskets, fans, hats, umbrellas, and as writing material. Fruit sap is a laxative and anti-inflammatory. Fermented juice is given in diabetes. Palm jaggery is used as an energy food for convalescents. Young roots, terminal buds, leaf stalks used as gatritius & hiccups. The sap is given as a tonic to asthanmatiabc and anemic patients. Palm candy is given for coughs & pulmonary affections, laxative for children. Palm toddy is yeast rich in Vitamin B- Complex.
Photo source;: Mr. N. Muthu karthick