Scientific Name: Cassia fistula
Tamil Name: Sara Konrai
Description: A tropical ornamental tree with a trunk consisting of hard reddish wood, growing up to 40 feet tall. The wood is hard and heavy; it is used for cabinet, inlay work, etc. It has showy racemes, up to 2″ long, with bright, yellow, fragrant flowers The golden shower tree is a medium-sized tree, growing to 10–20 m (33–66 ft) tall with fast growth. The leaves are deciduous, long, and pinnate with three to eight pairs of leaflets. The fruit is a legume, with a pungent odor and containing several seeds. Cassia fistula is widely grown as an ornamental plant in tropical and subtropical areas. Flowering is profuse, with trees being covered with yellow flowers, many times with almost no leaf being seen.
Habitat and Distribution: This native of India, commonly known as Amaltaas, is one of the most beautiful of all tropical trees when it sheds its leaves and bursts into a mass of long, grape-bunches like yellow gold flowers. It is native to India and Southeast Asia
Note: It is closely associated with the Mullai (forest) region of Sangam landscape. It is the national tree of Thailand, and its flower is Thailand’s national flower. It is also the state flower of Kerala in India. A postal stamp was issued by the Indian Postal Department to commemorate this tree. In English, it is also known as the Golden Shower Cassia and also as Indian.